Freshwater Prawn Farming is aimed at producing freshwater prawns for human consumption. Some of the problems experienced in freshwater prawn farming are just similar to those experienced in marine shrimp farming. Exclusive problems are brought in by the life cycle development of the major kind like the giant river prawn known also as Macrobrachium rosenbergii. In 2003, the global annual fresh water prawn production excluding crabs and crayfish was about 280,000 tons of which some 180,000 tons were produced by China followed by Thailand and India each producing some 35,000 tons. Additionally, about 370,000 tons of Chinese river crab known also as Eriocheir sinensis were produced by China. The United States however, particularly in the South, is a great location for both freshwater prawn farming and shrimp farms and many are beginning to take hold in these areas.
Saltwater Shrimp Farming is an incredibly resourceful way of producing shrimp for human consumption. Also, the shrimp pond’s conditions can simply be controlled more than shrimp that is fished from the ocean. This is due to the fact that seafood can sometimes be contaminated by pollution.
- Pond – The best pond is one that has a good clay amount and one which also has more salt. Bedrock that is greater than three feet is what the pond should have.
- Stocking- The pond needs to be managed more with every addition of shrimp. Aerators are the ones used to clean out the shrimp’s excretion.
- Fertilizing – Phytoplankton is the shrimp main food and this can be increased through the addition of specific fertilizer to the pond prior to the shrimp introduction.
- Construction- The construction of the pond is just by digging into prairies that usually have high content of clay. The pumping of the water into the ponds is through wells.
- Shrimp Food- The shrimps are fed by specialized pellets that are made from plant and fish material.
- Harvesting- To efficiently harvest the shrimp on a shrimp farm, the shrimp pond is drained. The storage of the shrimp should be on ice.