Shrimp farming is an aquaculture business. This farming can be done in freshwater environment or marine. It is related to the production of prawns or shrimps. This industry has grown from a small scale business to a global industry. Generally all farmed shrimp are of Penaeidae family. There are two species which is Giant Tiger Prawn and Pacific White Shrimp which accounts 80% of the farmed shrimp. Due to the ecological problems this industry is susceptible to outbreaks of diseases. However development in sustainable farming practice has increased the demand of shrimp farming.
In order to start shrimp farming you will need to get a permit. You will have to specify if the strategy you will be employing is extensive, semi intensive or intensive farming. Extensive shrimp farming covers a larger area. Cost of production is less. However if you are looking for a larger production then you should go for intensive shrimp farming.
Choosing a right location is very important in shrimp farming. Brackish water is required for this farming, that’s why the proximity to sea water is prerequisite to start this farm. Warmer climatic conditions will give longer cultivation for shrimp farming.
While starting a shrimp farm, clean ecosystem is a vital requirement. A two connected ponds or farms should be constructed so that mature shrimps can be transferred easily. You have to keep proper check on drainage system. A pump wheel or paddle wheel can be used to maintain the oxygen level and to remove impurities from the water or if your farm is located near the ocean then built a gate system to exchange the ocean water. You should feed the shrimp larva twice a day. Phytoplankton and algae is used to accelerate the growth shrimp. You can manually feed the shrimps or use a mechanized feeder.
The last stage of shrimp farming is harvesting. Before harvesting it is important to examine their health, quality and safety for consumers. Unhealthy shrimps should be removed completely. Sample of the shrimps should be tested in the laboratory to test the hygienic quality. October is the ideal month for it. In order to harvest the shrimp you can either drain the pond or use net. You will also find a special pump to harvest shrimps. It is necessary to keep the predators away from the farm. You can have a good income by venturing into Shrimp farming.
Therefore in order to start shrimp farming you should focus on following shrimp culture.
Area and production
Pond Design and Construction
Feed and Feeding
Water Quality Management
Harvesting and Handling
Disease, Prevention and Treatment
You should understand the complexities, procedure and work involved in shrimp farming in order to make it a profitable operation from the day of stocking to the last day of harvesting. With careful planning and proper follow up, you can earn the profit up to 60% of your gross sales. Demand is increasing in the market and the sea catch is decreasing. Therefore, shrimp farming has a bright future.